Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai offers free eye consultations to TECOM staff and partners, in support of Dubai Healthcare City’s health check campaign

[:en]14 September 2010 (Dubai, UAE): Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai (Moorfields), the Dubai branch of the world renowned London hospital for eye treatment, teaching and research, is offering free eye consultations in support of the health check campaign by Dubai Healthcare City.
Dubai Healthcare City’s Health Check program 2010 will offer free lunchtime consultations with doctors covering a range of health-related matters in different TECOM Business Parks, for a total of eight weeks. The consultations will be by appointment on a first response basis.
Moorfields has committed to providing free eye care checks through the full day on Wednesday 15th September 2010, from 0900-16.30pm, at Dubai Knowledge Village (Block 2A. room 4). Dr Imran Ansari, General Ophthalmologist at Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai, will be conducting the eye checks. All appointments for the day have been booked.
Executive Director of Dubai Healthcare City, Dr. Ayesha Abdullah said: “Dubai Healthcare City is committed to health prevention not just treatment. This is a commitment I know our healthcare partners share and I am delighted that Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai is supporting our initiative today to increase public engagement on health by offering free eye consultations. Every week, for the next eight weeks we will be working with DHCC clinics and hospitals to provide free expert advice and care to the community. We want people to put their health first and are delighted to be launching this initiative with one of the world’s oldest and most admired eye hospitals.”
Dr Chris Canning, Medical Director at Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai, added: “Moorfields welcomes this initiative by Dubai Healthcare City for the benefit of staff and partners at TECOM. Education and screening are prime objectives of ours and this programme delivers both. Healthcare should be as much about screening and prevention as well as treatment; and a regular health check up – including an eye check – is a vital habit to instil in the community.”
Contact: Jonathan Walsh/Vanessa Payne
WPR Limited
Dubai
050 4588610
jon@wprme.com

Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai unlocks the secrets to younger eyes this summer

[:en]2 June 2013 (Dubai, United Arab Emirates): Beauty is in the eye of the beholder and when it comes to anti-aging, cosmetic facial surgery around the eyes (‘periorbital rejuvenation’ as it is known to the experts) is the most common procedure. But results can be erratic with low patient satisfaction.  The best results are achieved when patients are operated on by Oculoplastic Surgeons who regularly operate on the eyelid and periorbital region, say the Consultant Oculoplastic Surgeons at Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai, the first overseas branch of the world renowned Moorfields Eye Hospital in London.
The most common procedure in facial cosmetic surgery is performed on the upper and lower eyelids – ‘blepharoplasty’. Around 250,000 procedures are performed every year around the world. However, whilst it is a common procedure, the results can vary significantly from patient expectations.   “Traditional Blepharoplasty has an enormous potential for disaster,” says Dr Andrea Sciscio, Consultant Oculoplastic Surgeon at Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai. “There is no perfect aesthetic procedure and it is very much a case of understanding each patient’s exact problem and address it accordingly.”
Blepharoplasty has evolved enormously since it was first developed 70 years ago.  Over the decades, the techniques have developed to yield the best aesthetic outcome for each patient individually. The eyelids have to be evaluated in the context of the eyebrow and the mid-face appearance – its overall ‘height’ and structure, adds Dr Qasiem Nasser, Consultant Oculoplastic Surgeon at Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai: “An analysis of the soft tissues from the eyebrows to the mid-face, and from the surface to the deeper structures up to the orbital rim (eye socket and surrounding structure), allows the surgeon to establish the aging changes that have occurred with the patient and helps direct the blepharoplasty surgery to deliver the optimal aesthetic outcome.”

From June-August 2013, Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai is offering a special summer rate on consultations for aesthetic eye surgery.

Dr. Osama Giledi

[:en]]MBBch, FRCSEd
Consultant Ophthalmologist
Specialist in Cataract, Cornea and Refractive Vision Correction Surgery
GCAA Approved Specialist Aeromedical Medical Examiner
Associate Professor of Ophthalmology (Adjunct) Dr Osama Giledi is a highly experienced consultant ophthalmologist who specialises in Cornea, Anterior Segment, Cataract and Refractive Surgery. He is also skilled in managing ocular surface problems including severe dry eye and Stem cell deficiency.  He performs small incision phacoemulsification for his cataract surgery and is experienced in using toric and multifocal premium intraocular lenses. Dr Giledi expertise in managing complex corneal conditions includes all types of modern corneal graft procedures, such as DALK and DSAEK. He has performed more than 23,000 refractive surgeries including Lasik, LASEK, Intralase LASIK and Trans PRK, as well as phakic IOLs. He delivers the latest treatment for keratoconus including Intracorneal ring segments, corneal cross-linking and complex laser treatment.
Dr Giledi graduated from Libya and completed his ophthalmic training in the UK, attaining a Fellowship in Ophthalmology from The Royal College of Edinburgh in 1996. He completed 2 years of higher subspecialty training fellowship on the anterior segment, Cornea and refractive surgery on 2003 at the prestigeous Corneoplastic Unit and Eye Bank at Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead. He worked as a Consultant Ophthalmologist at the Centre for Sight London and also at the Corneoplastic Unit and Eye Bank at Queen Victoria Hospital.  Dr Giledi relocated to Dubai on 2013 after 22 years’ experience in the UK, providing anterior segment, Cornea, Refractive and cataract surgery services.
In addition to his clinical commitments, Dr. Giledi has extensive experience in teaching and training, he is a noted presenter at national and international meetings, and he has an extensive body of research published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. He is a member of the Royal College Surgeons of Edinburgh, the United Kingdom & Ireland Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons, and the European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons.
Click here to read more on Common Eye Conditions.
Return to Ophthalmologisits Homepage[:ar]بكالوريوس في الطب والجراحة
زميل الكلية الملكية البريطانية للجراحين
استشاري طب العيون
أخصائي جراحة الكتاراكت والقرنية وتصحيح البصر
أخصائي فحص عيون معتمد من الهيئة العامة للطيران المدني
استاذ مشارك في طب العيون (ملحق)الدكتور أسامة الجليدي هو استشاري في طب العيون ويملك خبرة واسعة في مجالات جراحة القرنية والجزء الأمامي من العين وعلاج إعتام عدسة العين وجراحة تصحيح البصر. وهو أيضاً خبير في علاج مشاكل سطح العين، بما في ذلك جفاف العين الشديد ونقص الخلايا الجذعية. وتشمل خبرته إزالة إعتام عدسة العين بتقنية استحلاب عدسة العين أو phacoemulsification” “، بالإضافة استخدام العدسات المحدبة والعدسات الفائقة متعددة البؤر. يملك الدكتور الجليدي خبرة واسعة في تشخيص وعلاج مشاكل القرنية المعقدة، بما في ذلك إجراء عمليات زراعة القرنية الحديثة مثل زراعة القرنية الأمامية العميقة (DALK) و الزراعة الداخلية لخلايا القرنية (DSAEK). أجرى ما يزيد على 23,000 جراحة لتصحيح البصر بما في ذلك عمليات التصحيح بالليزر LASIK وLASEK وIntraLase LASIK وTrans PRK، إلى جانب زراعة عدسات العين (Phakic IOLs). ينفذ د. الجليدي أيضًا أحدث الأساليب لعلاج القرنية المخروطية، بما في ذلك الحلقات القرنية وتصليب القرنية والعلاج المعقد بالليزر.
تخرج الدكتور الجليدي في ليبيا وأنهى تخصصه في طب العيون في المملكة المتحدة، حيث حاز على زمالة طب العيون من الكلية الملكية بإدنبره سنة 1996. وفي عام 2003 أنهى عامين من متطلبات تدريب الزمالة في تخصص فرعي لجراحة الجزء الأمامي للعين والقرنية وجراحة تصحيح البصر، وذلك في وحدة الجراحة التجميلية للقرنية وبنك العيون في مستشفى الملكة فيكتوريا في إيست غرينستيد. شغل منصب استشاري طب العيون في مركز البصر بلندن وكذلك في في وحدة الجراحة التجميلية للقرنية وبنك العيون في مستشفى الملكة فيكتوريا. وانتقل الدكتور الجليدي إلى دبي في عام 2013 بعد خبرة 22 عامًا في المملكة المتحدة، ويجري حاليًا جراحات الجزء الأمامي للعين والقرنية وتصحيح البصر وإعتام عدسة العين.
وبالإضافة إلى مجال اختصاصه، يتمتع الدكتور أسامة الجليدي بخبرة واسعة في مجال التدريس والتدريب، كما يشارك كمتحدث في العديد من اللقاءات المحلية والدولية وله أبحاث ومؤلفات في مجلات طبية مرموقة. وهو عضو في الكلية الملكية للجراحين في إدنبرة، وفي جمعية المملكة المتحدة وإيرلندا لجراحي إعتام عدسة العين وتصحيح البصر، وفي الجمعية الأوروبية لجراحي إعتام عدسة العين وتصحيح البصر.
انقر  هنا لقراءة المزيد عن حالات العين الشائعة
العودة إلى صفحة أطباء العيون[:]

Dr. Darakhshanda Khurram

[:en]


MBBS, FRCS (Glasgow), ICO, MCPS
Consultant Paediatric Ophthalmologist
Dr. Khurram is experienced in Retinopathy of Prematurity screening and management (an eye disease affecting premature babies). She is also experienced in all types of squint (strabismus) surgery (including the use of botulinum toxin).
Dr. Khurram studied medicine at the Rawalpindi Medical College, Pakistan, and undertook a post-graduate fellowship with the Royal College of Surgeons, Glasgow, UK. She completed her fellowship training in Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus at Great Ormond Street Hospital and Moorfields Eye Hospital, in London, UK. While there she worked with some of the most prominent Paediatric Ophthalmologists and gained a world-class knowledge of paediatric ophthalmic surgical procedures.
Dr. Khurram has a highly advanced sub-specialist interest in Paediatric Ophthalmology. Her area of expertise covers the clinical and surgical management of congenital cataracts and congenital glaucoma including augmented filtration procedures and cyclophotocoagulation.
Dr. Khurram is an active researcher, publisher and presenter in her specialist field.
Click here to read more on Paediatric & Strabismus.
Click here to read more on Common Eye Conditions.
Return to Ophthalmologisits Homepage

[:ar]



بكالوريوس في الطب والجراحة، زمالة الكلية الملكية للجراحين (غلاسكو)، زمالة المجلس العالمي لطب العيون، عضو كلية الأطباء والجراحين
استشاري طب عيون الأطفال

درست د. خورام الطب في كلية روالبندي الطبية في باكستان، ثم انضمت إلى برنامج زمالة لدى الكلية الملكية للجراحين في غلاسكو، المملكة المتحدة. أتمت د. خورام تدريب الزمالة في مجال طب عيون الأطفال ومشاكل الحول في مستشفى جريت أورموند ستريت ومستشفى مورفيلدز للعيون بلندن، المملكة المتحدة. وهناك عملت إلى جانب عدد من أبرز أطباء عيون الأطفال واكتسبت معرفة عالمية في مجال جراحات طب عيون الأطفال.لدى د. خورام اهتمام كبير بالاختصاصات الفرعية المتطورة لطب عيون الأطفال. وتشمل خبراتها الإدارة السريرية والجراحية لإعتام عدسة العين الخلقي ومشاكل الجلوكوما الخلقية، بما في ذلك إجراء جراحات تصفية العين المعززة وعمليات cyclophotocoagulation. كما تتمتع بخبرة في فحص وإدارة مشاكل اعتلال الشبكية لدى المواليد الخدج (وهو أحد أمراض العين التي تصيب الأطفال المولودين قبل أوانهم). وبالإضافة إلى ذلك فهي تحمل خبرة واسعة في كافة أنواع جراحات تصحيح الحول (بما في ذلك استخدام مادة توكسين البوتولينوم).
تنشط د. خورام في مجال الأبحاث والتأليف والنشر وطرح الدراسات في مجال اختصاصها.
انقر هنا لقراءة المزيد عن خدمة طب الأطفال والحَوَل.
انقر هنا لقراءة المزيد عن حالات العين الشائعة
العودة إلى صفحة أطباء العيون

[:]

Cyclodiode Laser Treatment

The diode laser is a highly concentrated beam of light, which can be used to target and treat a selected area. Sometimes, laser treatment is recommended in order to avoid or delay the need for more invasive surgery. The diode laser is used to produce very small burns in the ciliary body, which produces the watery fluid called aqueous humour, and is situated behind the iris (coloured part of your eye). The reduced production of aqueous humour causes the eye pressure to fall.

Vitrectomy Surgery

A vitrectomy surgery is microsurgery performed to remove the jelly and replace it by a saline solution, gas or a special type of silicone oil. The most common reasons for operating on the retina are retinal detachment, diabetes and scarring on the retina.
For more information about vitrectomy surgery in Dubai, contact us today.

Trabeculectomy

The operation to control the pressure within your eye is called a Trabeculectomy (trab-ec-u-lec-tomy). A Trabeculectomy operationis recommended for patients whose glaucoma continues to progress despite using eye drops and/or having laser treatment.The goal of the Trabeculectomy surgery is to help lower and control the eye pressure. The eye pressure is known as intraocular pressure. If this remains high, then further irreversible loss of vision from glaucoma may occur. This operation will not improve your vision or cure glaucoma, but aims to prevent or slow down further visual loss from glaucoma damage.

Squint Surgery In Children

This information aims to answer some of the questions you may have about squint surgery. The information does not cover everything as every patient and squint is different. Your surgeon will discuss your particular case with you. Please ask the clinical staff about anything you want to be made clear.

What are the aims of surgery?

  • To improve the alignment of the eyes, to make the squint smaller in size.
  • In some patients, to reduce or try to eliminate double vision or to protect or restore binocular vision.
  • Occasionally to improve head posture.

What happens before the day of surgery?

A pre-assessment is performed in the weeks leading up to the operation date.

What happens on the day of surgery?

Squint surgery is nearly always a day case procedure. Squint surgery is a common eye operation. It involves weakening or strengthening or altering the action of one or more of the extraocular muscles which move the eye. The muscles may be recessed (to weaken), resected (to strengthen), their insertions moved (to alter their action) or less commonly altered in some other way (advanced, plicated, tucked, belly sutured permanently to the globe etc).
The muscles are sutured into their new positions. The operation is carried out under general anaesthetic. The operation usually takes up to 60 minutes depending on the number of muscles that need surgery. Parents can go down to the operating theatre with your child and stay until he/she is asleep but cannot come in to watch the surgery. Remember to discuss which eye(s) is/are being operated on and why.

What are the success rates?

Overall about 90% patients/parents perceive some improvement in the squint after surgery. However, there is some unpredictability in the procedure, so that the squint may not be completely corrected by the operation. Many patients require more than one operation in their lifetime. If the squint returns it may be in the same or in the opposite direction and may occur at any time. The operation does not change visual acuity or refractive error. More patching may be needed after the operation.

Does the surgery cure the need for glasses or a lazy eye?

No, the operation does not aim to change the vision or need for glasses.

What are the risks of the operation?

Parents can be informed that squint surgery is generally a safe procedure. However, as with any operation, complications can and do occur. Generally these are relatively minor but on rare occasions they may be serious.

  • Under and overcorrection

The original squint may still be present (undercorrection) or the squint direction may change over (overcorrection). Occasionally a different type of squint may occur. Some patients may require another operation.

  • Double vision

Double vision after surgery is normal and often settles in days or weeks. Some patients may continue to experience double vision on side gaze. Permanent primary position diplopia is very rare in children.

  • Allergy/stitches

Mild allergy to postop drops: itching/irritation/ redness/puffiness of the eyelids. It usually settles quickly when the drops are stopped. Infection or abscess around the stitches. Cyst or granuloma related to the wound or sutures: occasionally needs further surgery.

  • Redness

Can take up to 3 months to resolve, occasionally the eye remains discoloured (red, yellowish) permanently, particularly with repeated operations.

  • Scarring

Most of the scarring of the conjunctiva not noticeable by three months, but occasionally visible scars will remain, especially with repeat operations.

  • Lost or slipped muscle

Muscle may slip back from new position during the operation or shortly after, limiting eye movements. May require further surgery and not always possible to correct. The risk of slipped muscle requiring further surgery is about 1 in 1,000.

  • Scleral perforation

If suture passed too deep or thin sclera: may require antibiotic treatment and laser/cryo treatment. Can affect sight (via endophthalmitis, vitreous haemorrhage, retinal detachment). Risk is up to 2%.

  • Infection

Infection is a rare complication but the risk increases if drops are not instilled as directed and treatment not sought promptly. Significant infection is extremely rare but in the worst cases can cause loss of vision in the eye (endophthalmitis, orbital cellulitis).

  • Loss of Vision

Very rare, loss of vision in the eye being operated can occur. Risk of serious damage to the eye or vision is approximately 1 in 30,000.

  • Anterior segment ischaemia

The blood circulation to the front of the eye can rarely be reduced following surgery, producing a dilated pupil and blurred vision. This usually only occurs in patients who have had multiple surgeries. The risk is about 1 in 13,000 cases.

  • Anaesthetic risks

Unpredictable reactions occur in around 1 in 20,000 cases and death in around 1 in 100,000.

What will it be like after the operation?

Eye(s) will be swollen, red and sore and the vision may be blurry. Start the drops that evening, and painkillers suitable for age of the child, such as paracetamol and ibuprofen suspension, can be taken. The pain usually wears off within a few days. The redness and mild discomfort can last for up to 3 months particularly with repeat squint operations.

Care after the operation

  • Use the eye drops as directed
  • Attend your follow up appointment(s) to ensure the eye is healing well
  • Use cooled boiled water and a clean tissue or cotton wool to clean any stickiness from the eyes
  • Don’t rub the eye(s)
  • No swimming for 4 weeks
  • Continue using glasses if have them
  • Your child will need a few days to one week off nursery or school.

Squint Surgery in Adults

This information aims to answer some of the questions you may have about squint surgery. However, it does not cover everything as every patient and squint is different. Your surgeon will discuss your particular case with you. Please ask the clinical staff about anything you want to be made clear.

What is the aim of surgery?

  • To improve the alignment of the eyes, to make the squint smaller in size.
  • In some patients, to reduce or try to eliminate double vision.
  • Occasionally to improve an abnormal position of the head.

How is the surgery done?

Squint surgery is a very common eye operation. It usually involves tightening or moving one or more of the outside eye muscles which move the eye. These muscles are attached quite close to the front of the eye under the conjunctiva, the clear surface layer. The eye is never taken out of the socket during surgery. Stitches are used to attach the muscles in their new positions.
Squint surgery is nearly always a day case procedure so you should be in and out of hospital on the same day.
There are two kinds of squint operation – adjustable and non-adjustable:

Non adjustable surgery

The operation is usually carried out under general anaesthetic. The operation usually takes up to 60 minutes depending on the number of muscles that need surgery. When you have recovered from the anaesthetic and the nurses are happy for you to be discharged, you are free to go home – usually a few hours later.

Adjustable surgery

Squint surgery using an adjustable suture may give a better result in certain types of squint e.g. patients who have had a squint operation before, patients with a squint due to injury or patients with thyroid eye problems.

Part 1 – The main operation

The main part of the operation is carried out in the operating theatre usually under general anaesthetic (with you asleep).

Part 2 – Adjusting the stitch

Once you have woken up from the anesthetic the final position of the muscles is adjusted when you are awake and able to look at a target. This is particularly useful for treating double vision. If you wear glasses for distance or near, these will need to be brought in with you for this part of the operation. Adjustment is usually done on the ward, after drops of anaesthetic have been put into the eye to take away any pain. You may however feel a pressure sensation.

Before the day of surgery

A pre-assessment is performed in the weeks leading up to the operation date.

What happens on the day of surgery?

You will be asked to come early so that you can be prepared for surgery. You should not drink or eat before the operation: the exact timings of this will be given before the day of the operation. Before being discharged after the operation, you will receive eye drops with instructions and a follow up appointment.

Does the surgery cure the squint?

Overall about 90% patients feel some improvement in their squint after surgery. The amount of correction that is right for one patient may be too much or too little for another with exactly the same size squint, so that the squint may not be completely corrected by the operation. Although the eyes may be straight just after surgery, many patients require more than one operation in their lifetime. If the squint returns it may drift in either the same or opposite direction. We can’t predict when that drift may occur.

What are the risks of the operation?

Squint surgery is generally a safe procedure. However, as with any operation, complications can and do occur. Generally these are relatively minor but on rare occasions they may be serious.

  • Under and overcorrection

As the results of squint surgery are not completely predictable, the original squint may still be present (undercorrection) or the squint direction may change over (overcorrection). Occasionally a different type of squint may occur. These problems may require another operation.

  • Double vision

You may experience double vision after surgery, as your brain adjusts to the new position of the eyes. This is common and often settles in days or weeks but may take months to improve. Some patients may continue to experience double vision when they look to the side in order to achieve a good effect when the eyes look straight ahead. Rarely, double vision whilst looking straight ahead can be permanent in which case further treatment might be needed. If you already experience double vision, you might experience a different type of double vision after surgery. Botulinum toxin injections are sometimes performed before surgery to assess your risk of this.

  • Allergy/stitches

Some patients may have a mild allergic reaction to the medication they have been prescribed after surgery. This results in itching/irritation and some redness and puffiness of the eyelids. It usually settles very quickly when the drops are stopped. You may develop an infection or abscess around the stitches. This is more likely to occur if you go swimming within the first four weeks after surgery. A cyst can develop over the site of the stitches, which occasionally needs further surgery to remove it.

  • Redness

The redness in the eye can take as long as 3 months to go away. Occasionally the eye does not completely return to its normal colour, particularly with repeated operations.

  • Scarring

Most of the scarring of the conjunctiva (skin of the eye) is not noticeable by three months, but occasionally visible scars will remain, especially with repeat operations.

  • Lost or slipped muscle

Rarely one of the eye muscles may slip back from its new position during the operation or shortly afterwards. If this occurs, the eye is less able to move around and, if severe, further surgery can be required. Sometimes it is not possible to correct this. The risk of slipped muscle requiring further surgery is about 1 in 1,000.

  • Needle penetration

If the stitches are too deep or the white of the eye is thin, a small hole in the eye may occur, which may require antibiotic treatment and possibly some laser treatment to seal the puncture site. Depending on the location of the hole, the sight may be affected. The risk of the needle passing too deeply is about 2%.

  • Anterior segment ischaemia

The blood circulation to the front of the eye can very rarely be reduced following surgery, producing a dilated pupil and blurred vision. This usually only occurs in patients who have had multiple surgeries. The risk is about 1 in 13,000 cases.

  • Infection

Infection is a rare complication but the risk  increases if drops are not instilled as directed and treatment not sought promptly. Significant infection is extremely rare but in the worst cases can cause loss of vision or the eye (endophthalmitis, orbital cellulitis).

  • Loss of vision

Although very rare, loss of vision in the eye being operated can occur from this surgery. Risk of serious damage to the eye or vision is approximately 1 in 30,000.

  • Anaesthetic risks

Anaesthetics are usually safe but there are small and potentially serious risks. Unpredictable reactions occur in around 1 in 20,000 cases and unfortunately death in around 1 in 100,000.
Remember: these complications are detailed for your information and that the vast majority of people have no significant problems. After the operation the eye(s) will be swollen, red and sore and the vision may be blurry. The eye may be quite painful.
Start the drops you have been prescribed that evening, and painkillers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen can be taken. The pain usually wears off within a few days. The redness and discomfort can last for up to 3 months particularly with adjustable and repeat squint operations.
You should not sign any legal documents or drive for 48 hours after the general anaesthetic.
We would advise that you may need one or occasionally two weeks off work. Work and normal activities including sport can be resumed as soon as you feel comfortable to do so. It is quite safe to use the eyes for visual tasks, for example reading, watching television. You should return for follow up as advised.

Summary of care after the operation

  • Use the eye drops
  • Use painkillers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen if the eyes are painful
  • Use cooled boiled water and a clean tissue or cotton wool to clean any stickiness of the eyes and avoid water entering the eyes from the bath or shower for the first two weeks
  • Don’t rub the eye(s) as this may loosen the stitches
  • No swimming for 4 weeks
  • Attend the postop clinic appointment
  • Continue using glasses if you have them
  • Avoid contact lens wear in the operated eye(s) until advised it is safe by the doctor or orthoptist

Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty

Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) is a procedure used to reduce the pressure in the eye (also known as intra-ocular pressure). A laser beam is applied to the drainage channels, which helps to unclog them. This means the aqeous humour flows through the channels better, reducing the pressure in the eye. This is not a permanent treatment, and may need to be repeated in the future to control the eye pressures adequately. The procedure does not require admission to hospital and is carried out in the outpatients department.

Refractive Surgery

Most refractive errors can be corrected (or at least improved) by means of Refractive Surgery. This is a generic term, which comprises both Laser Refractive Surgery and correction by means of lens implants inside the eye. The latter is called Phakic intraocular lens (IOL) surgery.
Most refractive errors can be corrected (or at least improved) by means of Refractive Surgery. This is a generic term, which comprises both Laser Refractive Surgery and correction by means of lens implants inside the eye.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a vision condition which makes it difficult to focus on close objects. During middle age, usually beginning in the 40s, people experience blurred vision at near points, such as when reading, sewing or working at the computer.
Presbyopia is a natural part of the ageing process of the eye. It is not a disease, and it cannot be prevented. Presbyopia is diagnosed with a routine eye examination. Eyeglasses with bifocal or progressive addition lenses are the most common correction for presbyopia.