What are Intraocular lenses (IOLs)

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This blog on Intraocular lenses (IOLs) was authored by Dr. Salman Waqar, Consultant Ophthalmologist in Cataract and Glaucoma Surgery.


IOLs (intraocular lenses) are implanted into a patient’s eye during surgery to remove cataracts. During the  ‘refractive lens exchange’ procedure, the surgeon replaces the natural lens with these medical devices.
Before the 1980s and the introduction of intraocular lenses, patients who had cataracts removed had to wear very thick eyeglasses or special contact lenses to see after surgery; no medical device was available to implant in the eye to replace the focusing power of the natural lens.
Today, there is a wide variety of premium IOLs to choose from. The most suitable intraocular lens for a patient depends on many factors, including lifestyle and specific visual needs. There are ‘premium’ multifocal intraocular lenses available with advanced features beyond those found in basic single-vision IOLs.
During your preoperative examination and consultation, Dr Sohaib Mustafa can help you choose the best IOL for your needs.

Toric IOLs


The choice of IOLs includes the option of a type of lens called Toric Multifocal IOLs. These premium lenses can also correct a range of vision issues, including near/farsightedness and astigmatism. This is made possible because they contain a range of power across the lens, and the surgeon can align the lens to the patient’s cornea and correct the astigmatism very accurately during surgery.

Multifocal IOLs


Multifocal IOLs are another category of presbyopia-correcting IOLs that can decrease your need for glasses for reading or computer use after cataract surgery.
Like multifocal contact lenses, these premium IOLs have added magnification in different parts of the lens to expand your range of vision so you can see objects clearly at all distances without glasses or contact lenses. Some studies have shown multifocal IOLs tend to provide better near vision than IOLs, but they also are more likely to cause glare or mildly blurred distance vision as a tradeoff.
Dr. Mustafa can help you decide whether you are a good candidate for multifocal IOLs during your preoperative examination and consultation.

Monovision


An alternative to multifocal IOLs for correcting presbyopia is monovision, which is not an IOL.
This is the technique of fully correcting the vision in one eye and intentionally making the other eye mildly nearsighted. In this situation, the fully corrected eye sees distant objects clearly (but glasses are needed to see objects nearby), and the mildly nearsighted eye sees close objects very well without glasses (but distant objects are not so clear). This allows the patient to adapt, and to use the dominant eye for distance and the non-dominant eye for near vision. However, this option does not suit everyone. If it is considered, the patient would need a contact lens trial to simulate this combination of vision correction (although this would not be a perfect trial if there is a cataract) to allow the patient to decide whether it would be tolerable before proceeding with surgery.