Corneal abrasions are little scratches on the cornea of the eye. They are usually caused as a result from trauma (injury) to the surface of the eye. Common causes include poking of the eye, quick movements close to the eye, and getting dust in the eye, especially if the eye is then rubbed. Injuries can also be caused by contact lens insertion and removal.
Tree branches or plants, paper, makeup brushes, pets, sudden move close to the eye, dust or debris, sports equipment are common causes of corneal abrasion.
Treatment for corneal abrasion generally includes a thorough examination of your eye and lids, to check for any trapped foreign body or grit and ensure there is no serious eye injury, followed by drops or ointment and, sometimes, an eye patch. If you are given an eye patch, you will need to keep it on for 12 to 24 hours; if this becomes uncomfortable, you may take it off and wear sunglasses as a replacement.
You should also note the following:
If you are asked to use drops or ointments, please follow these steps: