Uveitis is inflammation inside the eye and affects women, men and children. Though relatively uncommon, it can be serious with complications that can cause loss of vision. It is estimated that the more serious types of uveitis are responsible for 1 in every 10 cases of visual impairment. This means that early diagnosis and treatment is critical.
Symptoms of Uveitis can include a painful red eye that ranges from mild aching to intense discomfort; blurred or cloudy vision; sensitivity to light; new ‘floaters’ on the eye; loss vision; and headaches. The symptoms can develop suddenly or appear gradually over days and can last for a short time, or be more prolonged or recurring.
The causes of Uveitis remain unclear but often involve a malfunction of the body’s immune system, infections or injury to the eye, including after eye surgery. In half of the cases, a cause or systemic disease is found, but in the other half no cause can be identified..
Eye drops are often used for uveitis affecting the front of the eye, and injections, tablets and capsules are usually used to treat uveitis in the middle and back of the eye.
The initial treatment is steroid medication (corticosteroids). Other treatment options include ant-inflammatory medication, immunosuppressive agents, biologic drugs and even surgery.
Treatment is often done in conjunction with another medical specialist like a rheumatologist.
Uveitis can be:
Most cases respond quickly to treatment but there is a risk of complications like cataract, glaucoma loss of vision, and permanent visual damage.Download PDF