The exact cause of the problem of squinting or misalignment of the eyes is still unknown to us, but in some cases it is due to the over-focusing ability of the eye’s natural lens, which can be treated and corrected by eyeglasses. However, other cases of strabismus require surgical intervention.
What is glaucoma (glaucoma)?
Glaucoma is a condition characterized by high pressure inside the eye, which may lead to vision loss in childhood. There are several possible causes of glaucoma
The human eye has a clear, liquid-like substance called aqueous humor, which moves around the eye and is discharged through fine passages.
The most common cause of glaucoma in children is a birth defect in these pathways, which occurs during the eye formation stage in the mother’s womb.
Screening for glaucoma in children
Screening for glaucoma early helps prevent vision loss. And all newborns, shortly after birth, undergo an examination aimed at verifying their general health, and includes an eye exam to check for the presence of the red light reaction and to check the clarity of the cornea.
What is the cornea, and what is the red light reaction?
The cornea of the eye is like a car windshield – if the windshield is clean and clear, we can see through it clearly. When the pressure inside the eye is raised, the cornea becomes less transparent, and the red light reaction cannot be seen clearly. The red light reaction may also look dull or never appear in the case of a cataract or a cloudy lens of the eye. Both conditions require urgent medical intervention.
My child’s eyes are big, is that cause for concern?
In many countries and cultures, wide eyes are a sign of beauty. Unfortunately, it is also a sign of a child’s developing glaucoma. The fluid retention inside the eye and not draining it properly leads to a gradual increase in the size of the eye, just like filling a balloon with air until it gets bigger. This increase in the size of the eye may damage the optic nerve at the back of the eye, which is the main nerve associated with the process of vision.
What are the signs of congenital glaucoma?