Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty for Glaucoma

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This blog on Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty for glaucoma treatment has been contributed Dr. Salman Waqar, Consultant Ophthalmologist in Cataract and Glaucoma Surgery.

Living with glaucoma often means meticulous eye drop management and close intraocular pressure (IOP) monitoring. Thankfully, advancements in eye care, such as Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT), offer a more refined to manage this condition.

What is SLT?
Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure designed to help control glaucoma by decreasing IOP. One of its standout features is the potential to lessen, or in some cases, even eliminate, the dependence on glaucoma eye drops, especially beneficial for those with open-angle glaucoma.

How Does It Work?
Imagine the eye’s drainage system, the trabecular meshwork, as a sink’s drain. Over time, this drain can become less efficient, leading to increased IOP. During this procedure, a precision-targeted laser is applied to this drainage system. Unlike other methods, Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty ensures no thermal damage to the nearby tissue. The treatment encourages the drainage system to work more efficiently by promoting beneficial biological changes within its cells. As the drainage improves, the IOP naturally decreases.

Why Consider SLT?
Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty is revolutionary in its approach. Unlike more aggressive surgeries, it targets only specific cells, ensuring surrounding tissues remain untouched. This selectivity means a less invasive procedure, minimal risks, and quicker recovery times.

However, it’s essential to remember that while it is highly effective, it might not completely negate the need for glaucoma eye drops for all patients. For some, it can notably decrease the amount or frequency of medication, leading to improved comfort and better adherence to treatment.

In Conclusion
Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty is a promising option in glaucoma care. Potentially reducing our reliance on daily eye drops offers a more convenient yet effective way to keep glaucoma in check and safeguard our vision. If you are considering this procedure, discussing it with a glaucoma specialist is recommended to tailor the best care for your eyes.